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Archive for the ‘webserver’ tag

How to configure the memory_limit for WordPress?

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WordPress comes with a default memory limit of 32MB which can be to less if you run the automatic updates. As discussed here and here there are different ways to change the configuration. Though, for us it only works when we change the memory_limit in the following path:

/etc/php5/cgi/php.ini

Written by tobi

June 4th, 2011 at 9:14 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

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How to update your web site using git?

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There is a smart way to keep your web site up-to-date when you use a git repository to manage your HTML sources. You can use a post-receive hook to immediately send changes to your httpdocs folder whenever you push changes to the repository. Here are the actions to do.

  1. Grant write access to the httpdocs folder for the user/group git.
  2. Add a detached worktree to the git configuration.
  3. Add the checkout command to the post-receive hook.

1. Grant write access to the httpdocs folder for the user/group git

You need to enable the user that runs the post-receive hook to write to the webserver folder. The user typically is git or the group git. Edit the sudoer file using the visudo command to grant access to the aforementioned folder.

%git ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/git

Read this documentation to understand the sudoer file and another helpful posting from Gilles on sudoer parameters. My best regards go out to Abhijit Menon-Sen who helped me to understand the sudoer commands.

2. Add a detached worktree to the git configuration.

Following the tutorial of Abhijit Menon-Sen on “using git to manager a web site” you need to change your configuration as follows.

$ git config core.worktree /var/www/www.domain.com/httpdocs/
$ git config core.bare false
$ git config receive.denycurrentbranch ignore

3. Add the checkout command to the post-receive hook.

Finally add the command to the post-receive script that will update your web site httpdocs folder.

$ sudo git checkout -f

The git checkout command is run in the context of the root user. This context switch is allowed via the sudoer file edited earlier. The switch is necessary to gain write access to the location of the detached worktree which is httpdocs.

Written by tobi

October 2nd, 2010 at 2:22 pm

How to deactivate the server signature for Apache2?

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Every time a url is requested that does not exist on a webserver an error page is displayed. By default, the page is trailed by the signature of the server. The signature includes information about the webserver version, the operating system, installed modules like PHP, Python, SSL and many more.

As everyone knows, there is no software out there without security problems. Those versions of the installed modules can be used to attack the server. Therefore, it is a good idea to reduce or deactivate the signature.

The apache configuration file apache2.conf contains two settings that allow modifications for this subject. The default settings are displayed here.

ServerSignature = Full
ServerTokens = Prod

The following screenshot shows what would be displayed with the setting:

ServerSignature = Prod

Apache configuration: ServerTokens = Prod
The apache documentation provides more information and examples on how to change the signature.

Another way to display the information attached to the server signature is to use the Firefox add-on Live HTTP Headers.

Written by tobi

September 29th, 2010 at 7:58 pm